In our last post, we explained gum disease and what signs to watch for. This week, we are going to look at what causes gum disease and ways to keep your mouth healthy.
Affecting almost 50% of adults over the age of 30, gum disease, or periodontal disease, is one of the most common chronic diseases. It was reported that over 65 million adults had gum disease during 2010.
We know the signs to watch for, but what causes gum disease?
It is widely believed plaque is the main cause of gum disease. Plaque is a bacteria that creates a film over your gums and teeth. This film occurs when starches and sugars combine with the bacteria that we have in our mouth. The problems begin to occur when these sugars and starches remain on teeth for an extended period of time. The bacteria can get under the gum line, harden and create tartar build up.
Brushing and flossing are crucial in combating plaque, but it is important to know that only a professional cleaning can remove tartar once it has been created. This is why it is important to visit your dentist for routine cleanings and exams.